The art of carpet weaving in has its roots in the culture and customs of its people and their instinctive feelings. Weavers mix elegant patterns with a myriad of colors. The Iranian carpet is similar to the Persian garden: full of florae, birds, and beasts.
The colors are usually made from wild flowers, and are rich in colors such as burgundy, navy blue, and accents of ivory. The proto-fabric is often washed in tea to soften the texture, giving it a unique quality. Depending on where the rug is made, patterns and designs vary. And some rugs, such as Gabbeh, and Gelim have a variations in their textures and number of knots as well.
Toranj – Persian Collection
«Toranj» is one of Iranian old patterns which are mostly used for embellishing of covers and pages of books and rugs.
Toranj is usually rhomboid or in almond shape and sometimes is square, oval or round, like (resembling) sun or star or flowers.
This pattern is often set in the middle of the carpet and its inside is decorated by leaves and flowers and «Eslimi» patterns.
Sometimes «Sar Toranj» is added to the up and down of the Toranj which consists of two smaller symmetric patterns.
When the design of two and of Toranj is not symmetric, the down pattern is called «Tah Toranj».
In four corners of Toranj pattern of quarter of a Toranj which is called «Lachak Toranj»
Toranj is also one of the pools in the ancient paradise patterns.
There is no exact information about this pattern’s birth and its primary shape.
Shamse – Persian Collection
«Shamse» or Shamseh has been depicted with Arabesque motifs, Khatay, inscriptions, geometrical. And in some cases use of animal motifs such as fish and birds, that was inspired by the sun.
Shamseh, is a symbol of divinity, light and Oneness of God that can be observed the samples in the inside the roof of the Dome of the mosque of Sheikh Lotf allah In Isfahan and the tomb of King Nemat allah in Mahan, Kerman.
One of the motifs can be seen in the in the decoration of religious places is Peacock’s motifs.