William H. Bradley
William H. Bradley is considered as one of the leading American poster artists of the turn of the century. Bradley was given the nickname “The American B,” referring to Aubrey Beardsley the English graphic artist. However, it should be noted that Bradley was already an established artist by the time Beardsley’s designs became popular in England in 1894. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, and at the age of 14 he obtained a job as a printer for a weekly newspaper, in 1880. He continued his journalistic pursuits until 1887 when he decided to move to Chicago to work for the prestigious painters, Knight and Leonard. Bradley established his own studio in and produced theater posters as well as commercial advertisements. He moved back in Boston in 1895 and set up the Wayside Press, where he published “Bradley, His Book: A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Art, Literature, and Printing”. It was the rise of the poster movement that established his reputation. His poster The Twins (1894), created for the periodical The Chap-Book, was considered to be the first American Art Nouveau poster. He was awarded a gold medal by the American Institute of Graphic Arts in 1954.